10 Man Made Wonders of the World
- 1 year ago
The first lists of Seven Wonders of the World were made more than 2,000 years ago by Greeks.
Unfortunately those wonders no longer exist except the Great Pyramid of Giza. Those were destroyed by natural or man made devastation. Many lists of man made wonders have been made since then. We are going to make another list here today on top 10 man made wonders of the world.
10. Parthenon, Acropolis
The Acropolis of Athens is one of the most famous Parthenon in the world and a visit to Athens without visiting this temple is like visiting Louvre museum without seeing Monalisa. The construction work of this great Parthenon started around 447 BC and completed in 432 BC. The Parthenon was built to reside a massive statue of Athena Parthenon made by ivory, silver and gold. Regrettably in the 5th century the statue was looted by one of the Roman Emperors, and taken to Constantinople (now Istanbul) and later destroyed. The pantheons name is attached with the great Greek philosopher Socrates and Plato. During its long life the Parthenon has also been served as a fortress, a mosque, a church and as a powder magazine as it came under different rulers.
9. Easter Island
The world wonder Moai are monolithic statues situated Chilean Polynesian Island of Easter Island. This island surprisingly one of the most isolated islands on Earth. The statues were carved by the Rapa Nui people between year 1250 AD and 1500 CE. Moai represented the deceased ancestors as well as regarded as the embodiment of powerful living of former chiefs. It was the symbol of authority and power. The tallest Moai erected named Paro, was almost 10 meters (33 ft) high and weighed 75 tons. When Europeans first visited the island, the statues were still standing but most would be cast down during later conflicts between different clans. Now about 50 Moai have been re-erected on Easter Island and other museums.
8. Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal, the man made wonder of white marble, built between 1632 and 1653 by 5th Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. This beautiful mausoleum is situated on the southern bank of Yamuna River in the Indian city of Agra. Built for the memory of his beloved wife, Taj Mahal is an edifice of love and beauty. The Taj is one of the most well preserved and architecturally beautiful tombs in the world. Addressed “a teardrop on the cheek of eternity”, the monument is actually an integrated complex of structures. It is regarded as the most tourist attracting place of India.
The Colosseum is the largest and most famous amphitheater ever built. It is also known as the Flavian amphitheater. Its construction was started by Roman emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty in 72 AD and was finished by his son Titus in 80 AD. Over 9,000 wild animals were killed during the inaugural games of the Amphitheatre. The Colosseum was capable of housing about 50,000 spectators who could enter the building through more than 80 entrances. The Colosseum was used to host gladiatorial shows as well as a variety of other events. Spectators were protected from the rain and heat of the sun by sails called the “velarium”, around the top of the attic. It has become an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome.
Angkor Wat is an enormous temple complex in combodia. It features the magnificent remains of several capitals of the Khmer Empire. These include the famous Angkor Wat temple, the world’s largest single religious monument, and the Bayon temple (at Angkor Thom). It was originally founded as Hindu capital. But during its long history Angkor went through many changes in religion converting between Hinduism to Buddhism several times. It has become a symbol of Cambodia. It appears on its national flag, and it is the prime tourist attraction in this locality.
A new civilization arose in the valley of Mexico in the 2nd century BC. This civilization built the thriving metropolis of Teotihuacán and its huge step pyramids knows as the pyramid of the sun. The Pyramid of the Sun was built around 100 AD and is 75 meters (246 ft (75) high. Thus make it the largest building in Teotihuacán and one of the largest in Mesoamerica. And it is the third largest pyramid in the world. The construction of the smaller Pyramid of the Moon started a century later and was finished in 450 A.D. The pyramids were honored and utilized by the Aztecs and became a center of pilgrimage.
The fabled “rose red city, half as old as time”, Petra, was the ancient capital of the Nabataean kingdom. Undoubtedly it is Jordan’s most valuable treasure and major tourist site. A vast, unique city, carved into the side of the Wadi Musa Canyon centuries ago. It was an important junction for the silk and spice routes that linked China, India and southern Arabia with Greece, Egypt and Rome. Al Khazneh (“The Treasury”) is the most elaborate building in Petra, carved out of a sandstone rock face.
3. Machu Picchu
One of the most beautiful and impressive ancient sites in the world in Inca civilization is Machu Pichu. It was rediscovered in 1911 by Hawaiian historian Hiram after it lay hidden for centuries above the Urubamba Valley. Often mistakenly mentioned as The “Lost City of the Incas”. Although known locally, it was largely unknown to the outside world before being rediscovered in 1911. It is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. Machu Picchu is the most important tourist attraction in Peru. We consider Machu Picchu at number three in this list of top 10 man made wonders of the world.
2. Great Wall of China
The gigantic and almost unbelievable human construction is the Great Wall of China. It was built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire from the attacks of the Xiongnu tribes. One of the most famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China but little of that wall exists. The majority of the existing wall were built during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD). The most reliable archaeological survey has recently concluded that the entire Great Wall, with all of its branches is 8,851.8 kilometers (5,500.3 miles).
1. Pyramids of Giza
The great pyramid of Gixa is unarguably the greatest wonder of the world. The Giza necropolis, situated in the immediate vicinity of the southwestern suburbs of Cairo. The pyramids in Giza were built over the span of three generations – by Khufu, his second reigning son Khafre, and Menkaure. Over 2 million blocks of stone were used to construct the pyramid, during a 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC. It is an awe-inspiring 139 meters (455 feet) high. It is the largest pyramid in Egypt. It is only the remaining wonder of the ancient seven wonder of the world.